Common name: Date palm
Height at maturity: 30 meters
Plant type: palm
Flower color: white
Type of soil: sandy, rich and draining
Watering: keep the substrate cool
Use: pot, isolated
Diseases and pests: red spider mites, scale insects, bayoud – fusarium
Toxicity: edible fruits
Storage of seeds: 1 year in a dry place away from light at 3/4°C (refrigerator)
The Phoenix dactylifera has a cylindrical trunk, the stipe, bearing a crown of pinnate leaves, finely divided and 4 to 7 meters long.
The species is dioecious (male plant and female plant) and bears male and female inflorescences enveloped in a large membranous bract.
The fruits, dates, are grouped into bunches and are edible berries with sweet flesh surrounding the seed. Nevertheless it needs a lot of heat and sunshine to grow.
The date palm grows rapidly and is one of the palm varieties with the best resistance to cold and drought. It also adapts very well to sea spray, brackish water and various pests.