Common name: Maritime pine, Bordeaux pine, Landes pine, Maritime pine
Origin: Mediterranean regions
Mature height: 20 to 40 meters
Hardiness: -25 ° C
Exposure: sunny, partial shade
Plant type: tree
Flower color: –
Type of soil: all soils except limestone
Use: isolated, massive, container
Diseases and pests: Pine weevils, bark beetles, Pine beetles, Bombyx, Pine processionaries, Rusts
Seed conservation: 3 years in a dry place protected from light at 3/4 ° C (refrigerator)
Coniferous with little longevity, the Landes pine has a fairly wide trunk, its gray bark in young subjects becomes purplish and is covered in deep red cracks as it ages. Its habit is compact, pyramidal, but it tends to spread irregularly with age.
Its foliage is evergreen, bluish green to dark green, and shiny. The rigid needles are joined by 2 or 3, of + – 20 centimeters, born on the branches. Flowering takes place in spring and is characterized by unisexual flowers, the male flowers are united in ovoid catkins, the females are located at the end of the twigs forming small cones. The fuits are shiny cones 10 to 20cm long, turning reddish brown when ripe.
Bordeaux pine cannot stand calcareous soils, it prefers acidic and siliceous soils. It is perfectly suited to sandy soils with high salinity, it is resistant to sea spray.