Common name: Nordmann fir, Caucasian fir, Nordman fir
Origin: France, Georgia Ambrolauri
Mature height: 30 to 50 meters
Hardiness: -20 ° C and more
Exposure: sunny, shade, partial shade
Plant type: tree
Flower color: green and reddish brown
Soil type: any type, acidic or neutral or alkaline, limestone, sandy, poor or fertile
Watering: normal to dry
Use: isolated, massive, Christmas tree
Diseases and pests: resists disease well
Seed conservation: 2 years in a dry place protected from light at 3/4 ° C (refrigerator)
Tree known and recognized for its majestic Christmas tree habit, it has the particularity of keeping its leaves for a very long time after cutting.
Its foliage is dense. The needles, bright green on the top and off-white on the reverse, measure 2 to 3 centimeters. Tilted forward and positioned in two “hard brush” rows, those above are longer than those below. The needles of this tree do not sting.
Flowering takes place in spring and is composed of unisexual flowers: the female flowers (green in color) are located at the top while the male flowers (reddish brown in color) are placed on the crown of the conifer. On old subjects large cones, greenish brown in color, cylindrical in shape with protruding bracts, measure 15cm long and 5cm wide. The cones contain the triangular shaped seeds.
Nordmann fir has a slender pyramidal habit with a straight arrow, becoming tubular with age. Its trunk is straight, the bark is thin, gray and cracks with age.