Common name: Bald Cypress
Origin: Southern United States
Height at maturity: 20 to 40 meters
Hardiness: -20°C and more
Exposure: sunny, shade, partial shade
Plant type: tree, conifer
Flower color: yellowish
Soil type: ordinary to acid
Use: isolated, hedge, bonsai
Diseases and pests: resistant to insects and diseases
Storage of seeds: 2 years in a dry place away from light at 3/4°C (refrigerator)
Conifer very often confused with the sequoïa of which it shares certain characteristics such as the imposing size or its very similar foliage. The bald cypress has an exemplary lifespan as it spends six centuries in full form.
In the young state it presents a conical port then it becomes colonaire, while aging it flattens greatly. The twigs are brittle, the bark light brown, slightly cracked.
The trunk basically takes on the shape of a bottle in older subjects. The leaves, 1 to 2cm long, are alternate (almost opposite), narrow and lanceolate, pale green, arranged in two rows. On deciduous shoots, they turn rusty brown in autumn. On perennial shoots, the leaves are small and scaly. The cones are spherical, green, then brown when ripe.
To be used in the garden as an ornamental tree, its foliage turns brown before falling. The Louisiana cypress is ideal for soggy land, in fact it grows naturally in swampy areas.