Common name: Olive tree
Origin: Asia and the Mediterranean region
Height at maturity: 5 to 10 meters
Plant type: tree
Flower color: cream white
Soil type: Dry, tolerates rocky and poor soils, well drained
Use: in the garden, isolated, pot, bonsai
Diseases and pests: olive fly, ringworm, bark beetle, peacock eye
Storage of seeds: 4 years in a dry place away from light at 3/4°C (refrigerator)
The olive tree is a slow-growing tree, it develops a rounded crown and a very decorative trunk with very cracked bark.
The leaves are evergreen, 4 to 8 cm long, and have an irregularly serrated elliptical shape. They are leathery gray green above, silver gray on the reverse. An olive leaf has a lifespan of 3 years.
Flowering occurs in summer and is very short, about 1 week. The flowers are numerous, 2-5 cm long, fragrant, gathered in panicles, cream-white in color.
The fruits, the olives, are drupes and are edible.
The olive tree is a symbol of peace. Tree with exceptional longevity, it can live more than 3000 years.