Common name: Saw palmetto
Origin: Caribbean, Southern United States
Height at maturity: 5 to 20 meters
Exposure: sunny to partial shade
Plant type: palm
Type of soil: rich and neutral but draining
Watering: keep the soil moist
Use: in pots, in the garden
Diseases and pests: undetermined
Storage of seeds: 2 years in a dry place away from light at 3/4°C (refrigerator)
Sabal palmetto is one of the most cold-hardy species of the sabal family. It can survive temperatures of -10°C.
The saw palmetto is an imposing palm with a single stipe whose height varies from 5 to 20 meters. The stipe reaches up to 40 centimeters in diameter, it is gray in color, cracked and covered with petiolar bases.
The crown comprises about twenty leaves. The leaves are webbed and composed of approximately 60 rigid segments split at the base for part of their length. The petiole is robust, green and smooth, and sometimes measures 2 meters. The leaves are up to 1.5 meters wide and are bluish green and glaucous.
The inflorescences are annual and interfoliar (appear between the leaves). They are branched, arched and protrude from the crown of the palms.
The fruits are black and the floury flesh encloses the seed.
Sabal palmetto grows in moist soils near the sea, but also in dunes, along rivers and in wet and flooded areas.
Its good resistance to cold also makes it a very popular palm in more temperate regions.