Common name: European Spindle
Family: : Celastraceae
Origin: Western Europe
Height at maturity: 3 to 7 meters
Exposure: sunny, partial shade, shade
Plant type: shrub
Flower color: yellow or greenish white
Type of soil: draining
Use: in the garden, isolated, hedges
Diseases and pests: powdery mildew, mottle, hyponomente
Toxicity: poisonous, poisonous fruits
Storage of seeds: 2 years in a dry place away from light at 3/4°C (refrigerator)
European spindle is grown for its ornamental qualities and resistance to cold and pruning.
Shrub with a slender and bushy habit, its bark is grayish or gray brown, cracked with a large corky bead.
The foliage is deciduous, dull green with a bluish green underside. The leaves are large (from 6 to 10 centimeters), opposite on the branch, they turn scarlet red in autumn-winter.
In spring, flowering consists of flowers gathered in clusters of 3 to 5 small fragrant and nectariferous hermaphroditic flowers. They are composed of 4 petals provided with a long peduncle.
The fruits are toxic to humans but attract birds which love them.
It requires no maintenance, it supports pruning very well, which makes it a subject of choice for bonsai cultivation.
The charred wood gives the drawing charcoal.